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Vol. i, No. 2 Feamster: Papers of Chittenden 317 

nation of states. ' ' This principle, Mr. Allen holds, applies to our litera- 
ture as well as to our politics : and it is only through our literary activ- 
ities, as they have been developed within the lines of the states, that the 
history of American literature can some day be written. 

In outward form and in manner of presentation, Mr. Townsend's 
book is very attractive, and his work will undoubtedly serve to interest 
in Kentucky and Kentuckians many who would be repelled by a more 
formal method of presentation. 

St. Geoege L. Sioussat 

Calendar of the Papers of John Jordan Chittenden. Prepared from 
the Original Manuscripts in the Library of Congress by C. N. 
Feamster, Division of Manuscripts. (Washington: Govern- 
ment Printing Office, 1913. 335 p.) 
The Chittenden papers were acquired by the Library of Congress 
from Mrs. Robert H. Chittenden of Frankfort, Kentucky. The collec- 
tion consists of letters to Chittenden, some law papers, and a few copies 
of his own letters, and is of great interest to students of western his- 
tory. Chittenden's political life began in 1809 when he was appointed 
attorney general for Illinois territory. From that time till his death in 
1863, he was almost constantly in the employ of the state of Kentucky, 
as member of the state legislature, governor, United States senator, etc. 
The position of senator he held during four periods, 1817-1819, 1835- 
1841, 1842-1848, and 1855-1861. 

The first entry in the Calendar is dated December 14, 1782, and the 
last is of a date long after his death. The correspondence is particu- 
larly full for the period at the outbreak of the Civil War, when Chit- 
tenden was attempting to promote a compromise. The letters listed 
were written by such men as Henry Clay, James Barbour, Zachary 
Taylor, Winfield Scott, to name but a few, and are full of ' ' comments on 
national questions and estimates of the public men of the time." The 
work of calendaring is well done and the book shows the usual excellence 
in makeup of the Library of Congress publications. 

C. W. A. 

A History of Muhlenberg County. By Otto A. Rothert. (Louisville, 
Kentucky: John P. Morton Company, 1913. 496 p. $5.00) 
Muhlenberg County, Kentucky, was created in 1798 but printed no 
newspaper until 1870. In population it had only just passed ten thou- 
sand when the Civil War began, and today it has under thirty thousand. 
It has presented a case of slow development, uninfluenced by immigra- 
tion and far off the main lines of travel. Its history is that of an iso- 
lated American community left to itself and growing from within. Ly- 
ing as it did between the two great thoroughfares of the ante bellum 

318 Reviews of Boohs M - v - h. b. 

Southwest, it saw the traffic and the emigration of the middle period 
pass around it, down the Ohio and the Mississippi, or along the various 
roads that made up the Natchez Trace. The author of its history, Mr. 
Otto A. Rothert, was drawn to his task by the stories he heard from old- 
timers over the hunting camp fire. He pursued the stories farther, 
photographing and interviewing with diligence, in the spirit of the anti- 
quarian and collector. That he acquired any deep understanding of 
the significance of either the West or Muhlenberg County does not ap- 
pear, but his book contains diversified materials for the scientific his- 
torian, and must possess for its local constituents a high degree of in- 
terest. It deals with personalities and details, and with local traditions, 
of which, when variant, he has accepted the one that "seemed the most 
authentic" (p. xiii). It is interesting and useful, without being, what 
its publisher claims, "the best county history ever published in the 
United States." 

Fkederic L. Paxson 

An Artilleyman's Diary. By Jenkin Lloyd Jones, private Sixth Wis- 
consin Battery. [Wisconsin History Commission: Original 
Papers, no. 8.] (Madison, Wisconsin: Wisconsin History 
Commission, 1914. 395 p.) 

During the year 1908, the Wisconsin History Commission began the 
publication of "Original Papers" on the Civil War. The present vol- 
ume, the eighth in the series, has been selected, advisedly, as worthy to 
take its place by the side of Lieutenant Haskell's The Battle of Gettys- 
burg; Colonel Kellogg 's A Narrative of Army and Prison Life; and 
Captain Hinkley's A Narrative of Service with the Third Wisconsin In- 
fantry. Bach of these volumes adds a valuable chapter to the literature 
of the war. 

August 14, 1862, the first entry was made in An Artilleryman's Diary, 
when the writer enlisted for the Sixth Battery, Wisconsin Artillery (p. 
105). The narration of daily happenings was faithfully continued un- 
til he was mustered out of service, July 3, 1865. Fifty years afterwards 
he consented to make the contents of the "ten little volumes" known to 
the public. His thought, in so doing, is expressed in these words : ' ' May 
the clumsy sentences of a boy's diary, so lacking in perspective, so in- 
adequate in expression, contribute a few sentences to the gospel of 
peace" (p. xviii). 

One is impressed as he reads each entry that the real history of the 
Army of the Tennessee and the Army of the Cumberland of Vicksburg, 
Chattanooga, and Mission Ridge can be known only as such accounts, 
written by private soldiers, are used to supplement official records. 
There is the description of camp life Avith its hours of hunger, thirst,